United States of America

 

Disclaimer: Data points were taken from published literature (see reference list). Additional data for United States of America were kindly provided by Kohn, M., Diaz, J, and Song, Y, Rice University, Houston, US. Geographical co-ordinates were rounded to a level of uncertainty, which does not allow to conclude on addresses with confirmed resistance on the map. The center of a coloured resistance spot deviates by minimum 2km from the site of resistance sampling.

Arg35Pro (R35P): Supposed to be connected to Chicago-type resistance described in the 1970s (Jackson et al.1971, Pest Control 39(9)), however, particular data on the level of resistance are missing (no BCR-baseline data).